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Chapter 4
4.1 Introduction
4.1.1 The Local Plan aims to make a major contribution to the land use planning objectives for sustainable development. The government sets out these in “A better quality of life, a strategy for sustainable development in the UK (1999)” . These aims are:
  a) Maintenance of high and stable levels of growth and employment;
  b) Social progress which recognises the needs of everyone;
  c) Effective protection of the environment;
  d) Prudent uses of natural resources.
4.2 Aims
4.2.1 To ensure that the Local Plan and Council planning decisions reflect the need for the community’s well-being and the need for sustainable development at global, national, and local levels, the aims of the Local Plan are:
  1. Sustainable Development
    a) To make the best use of all resources so needs of future generations are met;
    b) To protect the natural environment, reduce green house gases and thereby reduce adverse effects on global climate change;
    c) To apply a sequential test to locations for development, maximising the re-use of buildings and previously developed land, and promoting mixed uses;
    d) To ensure that the Local Plan reflects the needs of all residents.
  2. Housing
    a) To ensure that everyone has the opportunity of a decent home;
    b) To meet the housing needs of all sectors of the community in a sustainable manner.
  3. Economic Regeneration
    a) To facilitate sustainable economic growth and regeneration;
    b) To broaden the base of employment opportunities and mixed land uses;
    c) To meet the needs of those who depend on the town for jobs;
    d) To maintain a vibrant and dynamic local economy.
  4. Transport
    a) To deliver an integrated transport system which provides for economic and social needs;
    b) To promote more sustainable transport choice;
    c) To reduce the need to travel, especially by car.
  5. Leisure and Culture
    a) To provide for a wide range of accessible leisure and cultural opportunities;
    b) To include new facilities in appropriate locations;
    c) To develop a continuing appreciation of Harlow’s heritage.
  6. The Natural Environment
    a) To protect and enhance natural resources, including biodiversity and sites of nature conservation importance;
    b) To sustain the character of the Green Belt and Green Wedges.
  7. The Built Environment
    a) To provide a high quality environment;
    b) To ensure that all new development is of a high standard of inclusive design, safe and functional;
    c) To protect buildings and places which have character and interest.
  8. Regenerating the Town Centre and Shopping
    a) To create a lively and viable Town Centre;
    b) To enhance the environment of the town’s shopping centres;
    c) To improve the range of shops and related facilities accessible to local people.
  9. Community Facilities and Public Utilities
    a) To promote improved education, health and other community facilities which are accessible to all;
    b) To ensure that adequate, sustainable public utility services are provided.
  10. Implementation and Resources
    a) To work in partnership with the community in the review process and implementation of the Local Plan and with other stakeholders, in recognition of the Council’s enabling role.
4.2.2 These aims form the basis for the objectives that precede each of the following topic Chapters. The objectives further develop the Council’s vision, government guidance in Planning Policy Guidance Notes, Regional Planning Guidance, The Essex and Southend-on-Sea Replacement Structure Plan, and other National, Regional, County and local strategies and plans.
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